FOCUS: New Perspectives in Diabetes Mellitus (by ASCLS)

This course does not carry any current continuing education credits.

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ASCLS

Course provided by ASCLS.

Earn 1.5 contact hours of P.A.C.E.® - approved continuing education credit conveniently at your own pace. Read the "Focus" series of articles "New Perspectives in Diabetes Mellitus" associated with the Spring 2016 edition of the journal Clinical Laboratory Science and successfully complete corresponding quiz. The journal articles and quiz are included in this course.

About this Course: In understanding of the various forms of diabetes mellitus is critical for healthcare workers. At least 29 million Americans have diabetes; with about 8.1 million of these individuals unaware they have the disease. Worldwide, it is estimated that 150 million people live with diabetes mellitus. In the United States, an additional 86 million individuals aged 20 years and olderare believed to be prediabetic. This figure does not take into account the growing number of prediabetic children across the globe. Diabetes mellitus results in ineffective insulin utilization and hyperglycemia. Healthy fasting blood glucose levels are between 70 and 100 mg/dL (~3.9-5.5 mmol/L). Diabetic individuals have chronic hyperglycemia, characterized as fasting blood glucose levels of 126 mg/dL (~6.9 mmol/L) and above. Acute complications include severe elevations in blood sugar levels that, if occurring in a dehydrated patient, can lead to an increase in blood osmolality and coma. Ketoacidosis, the accumulation of high levels of ketones in the blood, can also occur and be life threatening for diabetic individuals. Chronic effects of uncontrolled blood glucose in diabetic patients include increased risk of complications involving the eyes, heart, kidneys, peripheral nerves and blood vessels.

See more courses in: Clinical Chemistry / Urinalysis / Toxicology

Objectives

  • Compare and contrast the causes, symptoms and pathophysiology of type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus.
  • Discuss diabetic ketoacidosis and its clinical presentation.
  • Describe the symptoms and pathophysiology of gestational diabetes
  • Recognize various other forms of diabetes

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Course Outline

  • Focus 29-2
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